More About Coaching, NLP, & Other Approaches to Personal Change
Coaching is unlocking a person's potential to maximise their own performance. It is helping them to learn rather than teaching them." - Coaching for Performance by John Whitmore
Coaching is a conversation, a dialogue, whereby a coach and coachee interact in a dynamic exchange to achieve goals, enhance performance and move the coachee forward to greater success." - The Complete Guide to Coaching at Work by Perry Zeus and Suzanne Skiffington
Relationship, Goal, and Facilitation
The key features in any good coaching are that it is:
- Relationship based: Personal Coaching involves a relationship between you and the coach that is tailored to your needs and aims.
- Goal-focused: You determine the goals of the coaching. The role of the coach is to help you formulate goals in such a way that they have every chance of being achieved and to help you stay focused in working towards those goals.
- Facilitative: The coach's role is a supportive one, helping you in processes involved in working towards your goals." - The NLP Coach by Ian McDernott and Wendy Jago
Fields That Overlap But Are Not The Same As Coaching
Therapy tends to be past-oriented, problem-focused and progress measured while coaching is future-oriented, solution-focused and performance measured.
Training tends to be based on a learning agenda set by the trainer and aimed at transferring skills and understandings from trainer to trainee, while coaching is based on the coachee's agenda and utilises their skills and understandings.
Consulting tends to be based on skills and expertise delivered by the consultant to a business organisation, while coaching is based on developing the skills and expertise of an individual coachee.
Mentoring tends to be a relationship where someone with experience in the mentoree's field shares that experience and advises about career decisions towards a future similar to the path taken by the mentor, while coaching is a relationship where a coach helps the coachee utilise their own experience to set their own goals and work towards those.
Some Applications of NLP
NLP is a model for understanding human responses, and is not in any way a medical treatment. Techniques based on this model of understanding brain-body responses have been researched medically both in New Zealand and overseas.
Phobias and Trauma
NLP has become well known for its success in working with people with phobias and post traumatic responses. The process involves re-coding the way the memory has been stored in the nervous system.
The core Research and Recognition project by NLP Trainers Frank Bourke and Richard Gray has worked with hundreds of military veterans in the USA. They title the NLP-based Trauma and Phobia process “RTM” (Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories). Some of their activities in the last decade have been:
* A Pilot Study published in the Journal of Military, Veteran, and Family Health, (JMVFH; NY $300,000 Pilot Grant). 25 of 26 (96%) no longer tested as having PTSD and their PTS intrusive symptoms were fully alleviated in under five sessions. (Gray & Bourke, 2015)
* First Replication Study. Results were published in the JMVFH in 2017 (Tylee et al., 2017). Over 90% of the 30 male veterans were symptom and diagnosis free at the two- week, six-week, and twelve-month follow-ups.
* Second Replication Study. Results are in preparation for submission to a peer-reviewed Journal. Over 96% of the 30 women veterans have scored below diagnostic threshold on the PCL-M and PSS-I at two weeks post and all subsequent measures to one year, follow-ups.
* Third Replication Study. (NY $800 K Grant). 75 veteran study published in Psychotherapy Research (Gray, Budden-Potts, & Bourke, 2017). Over 90% of the male veterans completing treatment have scored below diagnostic threshold on the PCL-M and PSS-I. About half of those treated were followed to six months and retained freedom from PTSD intrusive symptoms and diagnosis.
* Neurological Studies using EEG, pre- and post-treatment, were done at the Mind Research Network in New Mexico. The first pilot “Quantitative EEG Markers of PTSD and Impact of the (RTM) Treatment Protocol has been submitted for publication to the J. of Biological Psychiatry. The research is being conducted in Dr Jeff Lewine’s laboratory at New Mexico’s, Mind Research Network. for Neuro-diagnostic Discovery. Dr Lewine is one of the foremost neurological research scientists in the US working on PTSD and is currently conducting a randomized controlled comparison study of RTM vs Prolonged Exposure using neurological pre and post measurements.
* On April 15, 2018 the RTM Protocol was presented at the Annual World Conference of the Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics in Los Angeles, California. The presentation was titled “The Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories Protocol (RTM) for PTSD: a brief treatment in the neural context of reconsolidation blockade”.
Fear of Heights
In New Zealand Dr Bruce Arroll, Auckland Medical School studied a similar intervention used with Phobias of heights. “A brief treatment for fear of heights: A randomized controlled trial of a novel imaginal intervention” in The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, April 2017. Dr Arroll reviewed results from 98 participants. The participants were a convenience sample of the public with a score >29 on the Heights Interpretation Questionnaire (HIQ), a questionnaire validated against actual height exposure. Dr Arroll says “This is the first randomized trial of this novel imaginal intervention which is probably effective, brief, easily learnt, and safe. It may be worth considering doing this prior to some of the longer or more expensive exposure therapies. This study will be of interest to family doctors, psychiatrists, and psychologists.” Link: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0091217417703285
Allergies & Asthma
A one year research study (May 1993-May 1994) into the treatment of asthmatics, using NLP, was done in Denmark. Results were presented at the Danish Society of Allergology Conference (August 1994), and the European Respiratory Society Conference (Nice, France, October 1994). The study was run by General Practitioner Jorgen Lund and NLP Master Practitioner Hanne Lund, from Herning, Denmark. Patients were selected from 8 general practices. 30 were included in the NLP Intervention group, and 16 in the control group. All received basic medical care including being supplied with medication. The intervention group had an initial day introduction to NLP and Time Line Therapy, and then 3-36 hours (average 13) of NLP intervention. The NLP focus was not mainly on the asthma; it was on how the people lived their daily lives. The results affected both the peoples general lives, and their asthma. Patients tended to describe their change subjectively as enabling them to be "more open", get "colossal strength and self confidence" "a new life" etc. The lung capacity of adult asthmatics tends to decrease by 50ml a year average. This occurred in the control group. Meanwhile the NLP group increased their lung capacity by an average of 200ml. Daily variations in peak flow (an indicator of unstable lung function) began at 30%-40%. In the control group they reduced to 25% but in the NLP group they fell to below 10%. Sleep disorders in the control group began at 70% and dropped to 30%. In the NLP group they began at 50% and dropped to ZERO. Use of asthma inhalers and acute medication in the NLP group fell to near ZERO. Hanne Lund points out that the implications of this project reach far beyond asthma management. She says "We consider the principles of this integrated work valuable in treatment of patients with any disease, and the next step will be to train medical staff in this model." http://www.hannelund.dk/om-hanne
Allergies are like fearful, or phobic, reactions of the immune system to some stimuli. Some people will be able to produce the allergic response just by thinking about being in the presence of the substance they are allergic to. For example, someone allergic to the pollen may start sneezing when they see a plastic flower. The pollen is not there, but their body-mind thinks it is time to start sneezing. What happens is that the immune system makes a ‘mistake’ and marks out some harmless substance as being dangerous. From then on, whenever this substance is introduced to the immune system, it responds inappropriately, i.e. ‘overreacts’.
Meta-analysis of NLP interventions Catalin Zaharia completed a meta-analysis of 425 NLP studies, concluding that only twelve met methodological criteria for evidence based medicine. However he found that the remaining studies did indeed show a robust effect. In “Evidence-based Neuro Linguistic Psychotherapy: a meta-analysis” in Psychiatria Danubina 27(4):355-363, November 2015 he reports “The overall meta-analysis found that the NLP therapy may add an overall standardized mean difference of 0.54 with a confidence interval of CI=[0.20; 0.88]. Conclusion: Neuro-Linguistic Psychotherapy as a psychotherapeutic modality grounded in theoretical frameworks, methodologies and interventions scientifically developed, including models developed by NLP, shows results that can hold its ground in comparison with other psychotherapeutic methods.”
More Research on NLP
An article by Dr Richard Bolstad on Research on NLP http://www.transformations.net.nz/trancescript/research-on-nlp.html .
Hypnotherapy is a widely accepted and researched method of enabling people to effectively support their health, personal development, and relationships. It is a process of communicating with our own or someone else’s unconscious mind, assisted by having the person enter a relaxed state. It allows us to connect with the deepest programming within our minds and bodies. When body relaxes and mind quiets, a natural rebalancing function of the body-mind system occurs. Body knows how to heal automatically.
Chi Kung (Qigong)
You can learn exercises (as little as 15 min to 1 hour a day) to harmonise and build up your energy levels.
Chi Kung is the ancient Chinese health system, the basis of Tai Chi, Kung Fu and acupuncture. Research shows that Chi Kung breathing, movement and mediation techniques promote health, prolong life and assist healing, including healing illnesses which do not respond to other treatments. The main function of these exercises is to collect and exchange Chi between human beings and nature. With daily practice it also helps to strengthen body, promote creativity, develop intellect, and improve quality of life.
Huna is the Hawaiian tradition of shamanism, an ancient way of living in harmony, respect and oneness with all life forms. It implies working with the powers of the mind and the forces of nature. Huna techniques are designed to support physical, emotional, and mental wellbeing, change limiting beliefs, create harmony and improve relationships.
Universal Tao Energy and Healing Exercises
The Healing Tao is the natural way of inner health and healing. As with other shamanic traditions, it serves to empower oneself, affirming spiritual autonomy and self-mastery. Exercises are taught to improve and develop the physical body and spirit as well as transform negative emotions into positive ones. The Universal Tao System promotes health, happiness and fulfillment.